In the most general sense, Anti-Money Laundering (AML) is the blanket term describing the collection of laws, processes, and regulations used to prevent illegally gained money from entering the financial system.
AML targets a wide range of activities, from corruption and tax evasion to manipulating the market and trading with illicit goods, and the efforts to conceal these activities as the original source of funds.
Since the majority of criminals and terrorists rely heavily on a cash flow of laundered money for their illegal activities, having the appropriate AML checks in place has broader crime-reducing implications.
Under Money Laundering Regulations many businesses are required to conduct thorough customer due diligence to help combat money laundering and economic crime. AML checks are essential part of customer due diligence which screening customers against PEPs and Sanctions lists and verifying their claimed identities. Failure to meet to AML obligations can lead to financial penalties and even disqualification as business/director.